Hardwood Timber Species Specification Data: Timber Species: Grey Ironbark (Eucalyptus paniculata)
Hardwood Species: Grey Ironbark
Description of Species:
Common in eastern New South Wales, the Grey Ironbark – sometimes called the white ironbark or simply ironbark – features a dark trunk with furrowed bark, an average height of between 20 and 30 meters, and fragrant flowers that are popular choices for honeybees and other insects yet is also highly resistant to the lyctus borer, a particularly pernicious parasite that enjoys ruining otherwise healthy trees. While it may be a bit on the shorter side, there have been some reports of grey ironbark trees growing as tall as 56 meters high and with trunk diameters of 1.9 meters. The tree prefers sandy loam and other types of highly fertile soil but has been known to grow perfectly well on high ridges with stony soil as well.
Another member of the eucalyptus family, the grey ironbark lives up to its name thanks to its exceedingly tough and hard exterior, though it needs to be kiln-dried to achieve its fabled hardiness. Janka ratings of an impressively high 14 and a denseness of an average 1090 kg/m³ provide this tough wood with plenty of longevity, making it ideal for not just flooring in high-traffic areas but for construction materials where density and hardiness like cross-arms, utility poles, and engineering projects. Additionally, grey ironwood is a popular choice for archery aficionados because of its durability in standing up to the rigors of being strung into a bowed shape.
Coloration ranges from a nutty honey to a dark chocolate, with dark red a common variation. Sapwood is often deep crimson, with heartwood usually lighter. Its grain is interlocked, moderately coarse, but even, contributing to its hardness and inherent beauty. Because of its extreme density and impact resistance, ironwood can sometimes be difficult to work with as an engineered flooring product. Instead it’s most often seen as solid timber flooring, parquetry, and decking.
Dry Density: range 1090 kg/m³
Janka Hardness: 14 kN
These properties are only a guide, as timber is a natural product there will be variations within any species. The Janka Dry Hardness rating measures the hardness of the wood. The higher the number the harder the wood.
Use this species in your next project
If you would like to use this species in your next project and need assistance with either choosing the correct flooring panels or the installation of your next flooring project then please get in touch with one of our flooring specialists using the form below.
We also offer a more personalised service for those looking for renovation advisory where our team come to your location and help you choose the best species and style to fit the room.
We would love to hear from you!